Archive for October, 2011

Arbitrage Trading

Arbitrage Trading

What is Arbitrage Trading?
Arbitrage trading is buying or selling a security within the trading day that takes advantage of value differences withing the market the security is being traded in. Every day the stock market is open arbitrage trades are being made all throughout the day.

An arbitrage trader will purchase a security and sell the same security (or one closely related) at the same time. They attempt to profit off of the value differences in the different markets. They may use the difference between CME futures and the NYSE for their trade. Often when news or events occur it can move the index higher or lower. Both markets will not move at the same time or for as strong a move. They will be unequal in price for a given amount of time. This is where arbitrage traders attempt to make their profit.

The markets most often used for Arbitrage trading are the S&P futures in conjunction with the stocks of the S&P 500. On most trading days they will develop a lag or disparity between the pricing of the two. Often this occurs when the most highly trades stocks of the indexes or the NYSE and the NASDAQ develop lag time with the S&P futures. This can be either the stocks lagging behind the S&P futures or the S&P futures lagging behind certain stocks. The S&P futures are traded on the CME market.

An example of a good arbitrage trading is when a stock gets ahead of the futures in price and an arbitrage trader sells the stock and purchases the futures for the stock. The traders winds up holding a similar investment that they started with while taking profit on the price spread between the two markets.

There are other ways to make arbitrage trades as well. One of the easiest trades to spot is when a heavily traded company releases very popular news. The stock begins to rise in price on the NASDAQ as the traders are buying up shares of the company. While this is happening an arbitrage trader will buy call options for the stock on the AMEX if they are available. They will only buy if the call options have not begun to rise. By doing this the trader can make money when the stock rises on the AMEX to catch up with the price on the NASDAQ. This sounds easy in theory but the differences in price will only last for a few seconds. An arbitrage trader needs to be quick.

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Universal Indicator

Universal Indicator

A Universal indicator is a pH indicator composed of a blend of several compounds that exhibits several smooth colour changes over a pH value range from 1-14 to indicate the acidity or basicity of solutions. Although there are a number of commercially available universal pH indicators, most are a variation of a formula patented by Yamada in 1923. Details of this patent can be found in Chemical Abstracts.

Experiments with Yamada’s Universal Indicator are also described in the Journal of Chemical Education.


A universal indicator is typically composed of water, methanol, propan-1-ol, phenolphthalein sodium salt, methyl red, bromothymol blue monosodium salt, and thymol blue monosodium salt

The colours that indicate the pH of a solution, after adding a universal indicator are:

pH range




Strong acid












Strong Base


There are now also available wide range pH test papers with distinct colours for each pH from 1 to 14. Colour matching charts are supplied with the specific test strips purchased.

See also

Litmus test


^ Jap. Pat. 99,664, Feb 21, 1933

^ Chem Abstr, 28, 2258 (1934)

^ For a discussion of these experiments, as well as recipes for Yamada and other universal indicators, see Foster, S.F. and Gruntfest, J.Chem.Educ., 14, 274(1937)

^ “Universal Indicator”. ISCID Encyclopedia of Science and Philosophy.

Categories: PH indicators

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Translation For Global Marketing

Translation For Global Marketing

Translating your documents and other papers in many languages enables you to get a much wider coverage for your product. It is the means to reach customers in far locations and in every language. The language barrier is overcome by means of translation. The only point to be kept in mind is that you should have professionally qualified translator service. It would give you exact and perfect translation. The target audience would like translation in languages like Chinese, Japanese, Arabic, Spanish Translation and many others.

To be able to sell goods or services to any foreign country business documents should be translated to that language. Spain has a large consumer market in the world. The main language of Spanish people is Spanish. The translation company selected to translate the business documents to Spanish should be a company made up of a highly skilled team of translators who have experience in translating business documents to Spanish. The majority of professional translation companies that translate documents to Spanish can also translate documents to other languages like Japanese, Arabic, Malay and Chinese and others.

The translation company should have an excellent quality recording studio, where all the recording of translation would be done professionally. A good recording studio would give best results in recording and there wont be any errors in the translation done. The company should have translators who would be able to speak and write excellent Spanish. Exact translators of documents are must and this would give you the desired result you want.

So, to make your business globally popular you will have to translate the documents to the appropriate target language. A document translation service will be useful when an accurate translation of documents to other languages is required. This is the latest means of changing your business from a small town business to a large global business house.

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Arcade Fire – Intervention

Video for Arcade Fire’s “Intervention” cut to Sergei Eisensteins iconic 1925 film, “Battleship Potemkin”

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